Although nobody can predict the future with absolute certainty, what we can say is that since the advent of Covid-19, the "world of work" has changed. The old way no longer exists and hoping that "things will return to (pre-Covid) normal", is but a dream. Businesses and the way we work has changed. Permanently. If we now try to look ahead, what is the future of work in South Africa and around the globe, and how will it impact us? What jobs will change and what new skills will be required? How will our workplaces look, and most importantly, how can employers and employees prepare for what’s next?
Covid-19 accelerated remote work, virtual transactions, and the use of digital technologies. As people got used to the greater flexibility of working remotely, the Great Attrition began. Employees resigned from their jobs to re-evaluate their work-life balance. Many changed roles or looked for jobs that offered greater flexibility, while others took sabbaticals or simply retired.
The future of work - McKinsey & Company
These are some of the main findings from the latest report on the future of work by McKinsey:
- One in 16 workers may have to switch occupations by 2030.
- Job growth will be more concentrated in high-skill jobs like healthcare, science, AI, engineering, and mathematics.
- The demand for teachers of STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), is rising exponentially. According to FAZ, in Germany it is estimated that currently there is a shortage of 12000 STEM teachers, and this is expected to grow to 70000 by 2025.
- Middle- and low-skill jobs (such as food service, production work, or office support roles) will decline.
- A few job categories have seen more growth than others, for example the rise of e-commerce has created a huge demand for warehouse workers and courier services.
- Aging populations in many advanced economies will increase demand for nurses, palliative care and home health aides.
- Other types of jobs may be at risk. For example, as grocery stores install self-service counters, the number of checkout clerks will decrease. Robotics and AI used to process routine paperwork will lessen the demand for low-skill office workers.
- The future of work in South Africa - a special analysis by McKinsey.
What has Covid-19 taught us about the Future of Work?
- Remote and hybrid work, virtual meetings, and the acceleration to a 4-day work week are here to stay. 5 Requirements for hybrid work.
- There has been a massive growth in e-commerce as people purchase everything from TV's to office chairs to cars to medicines online. This has forced companies to implement new technologies in logistics and warehousing.
- The development and use of digital technologies, including automation and AI has increased rapidly. Some examples include virtual machine maintenance, medical procedures, manufacturing and order-picking in warehouses. The recent development of ChatGPT will change education, journalism and blog writing (to name but a few), in ways that we haven't even yet considered.
Futuristic office design
Office Design at Home and in the Office
The future of work in South Africa and abroad is rapidly evolving, and with it, the way we think about and design office spaces and furniture. As more and more companies adopt remote and hybrid working models, the need for ergonomic office chairs and height adjustable desks is becoming increasingly important, both at home and in the office. Chair Design – Important Factors to Consider.
1. The purpose of the office has changed
Hybrid work has changed not only what the office is used for, but also how it physically looks. Some companies have updated their offices by adding team-focused spaces and better technology integration for video calls and presentations. Office Pods can be used as a workstation, a conference room, a soundproof private phone booth, or an annex. If you’re working in your office, a pod can provide you with the privacy and flexibility that you need to do your job. Office Pods: The Pros & Cons.
In the hybrid world of work, focus-based tasks are generally best suited for home, while the office is a central gathering place to build company culture, brainstorm ideas, provide sensitive feedback, have social contact, and combat the isolation of working alone at home. Workplace rituals: Recapturing the power of what we’ve lost by working remotely.
One of the biggest changes that we are likely to see in the future, is work chairs that have a greater focus on ergonomics and adjustability. As employees spend more time working from home and sharing workstations at the office, it is becoming increasingly important to ensure that office chairs and desks are highly adjustable and are designed to promote good posture, reduce stress on the body, and prevent injury. What is an ergonomic chair?
In years to come, office designs may incorporate more technology and AI. Office chairs may include built-in sensors and monitoring systems that can track the user's posture, movement, and overall wellbeing. This data can then be used to make adjustments to the chair, or to provide feedback to the user.
We are also likely to see the rise of smart office chairs and desks that can be controlled and customised using an App on a smartphone or tablet. In a hybrid work situation where workers share workstations, an employee can enter a code on their smartphone which will then send a signal to the workstation they will be using on that specific day. This would then automatically adjust the desk and chair height, seat tension, armrests, seat and backrest angle, and even activate heating and massage functions....all before they arrive at the office!
In addition to ergonomics and technology, we are also likely to see a greater focus on sustainability in the future of office chairs. As companies and consumers become more aware of the environmental impact of their actions, we are likely to see an increase in the use of eco-friendly materials, such as recycled plastic and wood, in the production of office chairs.
5. The future of office chairs and work
The design of office chairs and desks is also closely tied to the future of work itself. As more and more companies adopt remote and hybrid working models, we are likely to see a greater focus on flexibility and mobility in office chair design. This could include features such as foldable or stackable chairs, or even chairs that can be converted into standing desks.
Overall, the future of office chairs is likely to be defined by a greater focus on ergonomics, technology, sustainability, and flexibility. As companies and employees continue to adapt to the changing world of work, the office chairs of the future will need to be able to keep up, providing the support and comfort that employees need to stay healthy, productive, and engaged.
The future of work is expected to be highly impacted by technology, automation and artificial intelligence. This will result in changes to job roles and the skill sets required by employees, as well as the way work is done, such as increased remote and hybrid work arrangements. Additionally, there will be a focus on reskilling and upskilling to adapt to these changes, as well as a potential shift towards more entrepreneurship and gig work.
As the work culture evolves, office chairs need to adapt to meet the new demands of the hybrid work environment. The future office chair should be able to promote good posture, reduce stress on the body, prevent injury, incorporate technology, be sustainable and flexible to suit the needs of different users. Companies that invest in ergonomic office chairs will see the benefits in the form of increased productivity, employee engagement, and reduced absenteeism. As the future of work continues to evolve, the office chair will play a crucial role in shaping the way we work and live.